II. -WAR OF 1812.






Adjutant-General, 1885 1886, Adjutant-General, 1889.


Adjutant-General, 1887-1888, Asst. Adjutant-General from 1885.





BY resolutions of the General Assembly approved March 10, 188(1, and April 115. 1887. providing for a record of service of Connecticut men in the late Civil War, it was also provided that the Adjutant-General be authorized to publish " fifteen hundred copies of a catalogue or roll containing the names and records of those soldiers who served in Connecticut organizations and sailors and marines who enlisted in the Navy from this State during the War of the Revolution, the War of 1812 with Great Britain, and the Mexican War."

Under authority of the same resolutions of the Assembly the Adjutant-General was directed to distribute the foregoing copies as follows: "One copy to each State officer and each officer and member of the present General Assembly ; one copy to each town clerk and judge of probate in this State, to be kept in their respective offices and handed over to their successors in office ; one copy to the Adjutant-General of the United States, and to the Adjutant-General of each State of the United States ; two copies each to the Librarian of the United States, and to the State Library of this State, and one copy to each college and to each circulating library in this State open to the public." It was further provided that one hundred copies of said work "shall be retained in the Adjutant-General's office of this State for such future use or distribution as may be authorized or rendered necessary under the provisions of this resolution, and the balance shall be kept in the office of the Adjutant-General of this State, and furnished to such persons as may desire them, at five dollars per copy, and the proceeds from the sale of said books shall be returned to the State treasury."













The Adjutant-General of Connecticut.



HA.R'l'J<'ORr>, CONN.





IN the compilation of the following Military and Naval record of Connecticut in the War of the Revolution, as called for by Act of the General Assembly approved April 13, 1887, various sources of information have been sought and examined. The original and official manuscripts bearing upon the history of that interesting period are, and long have been, in a more or less dispersed con dition—a fact true of the records of all the Thirteen States and in some instances the greater part has been either lost or destroyed. In the case of Connecticut, while certain gaps occur at intervals in the continuity of her Revolutionary Papers, the more valuable portions have fortunately been preserved and are deposited in permanent and accessible archives. Of this material, the State herself retains a considerable proportion, the Departments of the General Government at Washing ton contain much, and the remainder has passed by gift and purchase into the keeping of indi viduals, Societies, and Libraries throughout the country. For convenient reference the documents may be classified as follows :

1. The original minutes of the proceedings of the General Assembly of Connecticut, covering

the period of the war, on file in the office of the Secretary of State, Hartford.

2. The original minutes of the proceedings of the Governor and Council, or Committee of

War, covering the period of the war, on file in the State Library, Hartford.

3. Pay-Rolls of the Connecticut Regiments in the Continental "Line" for certain years, and

scattering pay -table accounts of State troops and militia, together with individual accounts, bound in twelve volumes, on file in the office of the State Comptroller, Hartford.

4. Thirty-eight bound folio volumes, marked " Revolutionary War," covering a period of

ten years or more from 1774, and containing numerous original rolls, letters, accounts, resolutions, petitions, town-lists, and similar material, unbound, on file in the State Library.

5. Rolls, letters, and various documents bearing on the service of Connecticut troops, on file

among the papers of General Washington in the Department of State, Washington, D. C.

0. Forty-seven bound folio volumes, containing company and regimental muster and pay rolls of the regiments of the Connecticut "Line," together with numerous militia rolls and miscellaneous papers, and the large mass of applications for pensions, on file in the Pension Bureau, Department of the Interior, Washington, D. C.

7. The "Trumbull Papers," consisting of twenty -two bound volumes, containing the official correspondence of Governor Jonathan Trumbull of Connecticut during the entire period of the war, inclusive also of many rolls and miscellaneous documents, in pos session of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston. 2 (i«)


8. Various Revolutionary papers, military and naval, in possession of the Connecticut

Historical Society, Hartford.

9. Forty or more Orderly Books, kept by Connecticut officers during the war, containing

general, division, brigade, and regimental orders issued in camp and on the march, in the possession for the most part of individuals and Societies.

10. Miscellaneous letters, rolls, maps, diaries, and other papers in the hands of descendants of Revolutionary soldiers, individuals, and collectors, or deposited in Libraries and State and Town archives.

Supplementing these documents, and included among the authorities on which this work is based, must be mentioned the mass of original letters and papers which have found their way into print in such publications as Force's American Arch ires, the volumes issued by Historical Societies, magazines, genealogies, monographs, and Town histories.


The several rolls and lists in the following pages, compiled from the foregoing records, have been arranged chronologically according to the description of the service in which the troops engaged. Thus, after the first alarm, the Continental soldiers are classified in the order in which they were called out, then the State troops, and finally the Militia, with special lists following.

The Lexington Alarm. The first lists in the record, grouped under the head of the "Out break of the War," include the names of the men who, under the provocation of the moment, marched to the relief of their Massachusetts neighbors in the Lexington Alarm. Some explanation of the nature of this service appears in the introductory text on pages 3 and 4. It will be observed that the forty-eight towns from which the companies set out represent, with three exceptions, the eastern and central counties, which were then the thickly settled sections of the State, the nearest to the point of danger, the best prepared for an emergency, and the most accessible in case of alarm. It may also be noticed that the four thousand townsmen who responded to the Lexington call were a representative body, largely descendants of original settlers, including all elements in the different communities, judges, pastors, lawyers, physicians, farmers, mechanics, sailors, labor ers, —and that as a list of a respectable number of the male inhabitants of the State in 1775, which may be utilized in historical and genealogical researches, a peculiar interest attaches to it. Follow ing in their proper place are the names of the men engaged in the Ticonderoga enterprise.

Continental Troops. Next in order have been arranged the rolls of the Connecticut quota of that part of the Revolutionary forces known as the " Continental " troops, which constituted the body of Washington's army in the field throughout the war. They stand first in importance, as explained on page IU, and as appears from their military history in the text introductory to the subdivisions A, B, C, and D, under which they have been classified. After the Lexington Alarm the State raised eight regiments, which were adopted as Continental, to serve to the close of the year 1775. She furnished eight for the year 1770, and eight, with a large additional quota, for the three years' term from 1777 to 1781. Thereafter, from 17X1 to 1783, the numbers were reduced by consolidations. The rosters of these troops form a large portion of the record (pages 33 to 370), and with the exception of some of the rolls for 1775 and the greater part of those for 177G, are believed to be substantially complete. In view of the importance of the campaign of 1776, it is to be regretted that the rolls of seven of the Continental regiments for that year are missing. The names of very many of the men, however, appear on the rolls of 1775, when they served their first term, or on the rolls of 1777, when they re-enlisted for three years or the war, or again on the rolls of State troops and militia in subsequent years. In the absence of these lists the number of officers and soldiers that entered the Continental service from Connecticut during the war can only be approximately estimated; but it may be placed at about fifteen thousand.


State Troops. tinder this heading appear a certain number of regiments which were neither Continental nor militia, but were raised mainly in the .early part of the war, to act as reinforce ments for the army in the field, for limited terms. Organized by authority of the State or the Governor, with the officers' commissions signed by the Governor, they were designated as State troops, and at different periods rendered considerable service.

The Militia. The third distinctive class of troops was the standing Militia of the State, whose rolls, so far as preserved, are arranged, like the preceding, in chronological order. Here again several serious gaps occur in the list, which is a special misfortune from a historical point of view, inasmuch as the militia represented the greater part of the male population of the State. The rolls here published, however, represent a fair proportion of the regiments and men that were called into active service. From the return, as given on page 447, for the year 1782, it may be inferred that the number of effective militia varied during the years of the war from twenty-two to twenty-five thousand.

Miscellaneous Rolls. The closing pages of the work contain such portions of the Naval record of Connecticut as have been preserved among the documents, also unclassified lists of minutemen, volunteers, independent companies, and individual officers and soldiers, and copies of the Pension lists as published in Congressional and Government documents at various periods since the war.

In compiling and arranging the rolls, as grouped above, a limited amount of explanatory text has been inserted, showing where and for what terms the troops served. It has been possible to do this with a satisfactory degree of accuracy in the case of the regiments of the Continental " Line," and on pages 125-140 and 301-311 may be found an outline of their organization and serv ice generally battles, encampments, itinerary, and formations which has been prepared from original letters and Order-books. An introductory note also appears before each regimental roster. In the case of many of the militia regiments and detachments, no record of service has been found.

The publication of this work will doubtless lead to the production or discovery of missing documents, including rolls of entire regiments, companies, or the record of individuals, which it may be desirable to issue in supplementary form in the future. It is especially requested that the originals or copies of these may be forwarded to the Adjutant-General of Connecticut at Hartford.


The number of separate names in the following lists, as arranged in the Index, reaches a total of twenty-seven thousand eight hundred and twenty -three. In a few cases, probably, through different spelling of names, the same individual has been entered more than once. On the other hand, it is to be observed that in numerous cases the same name represents different individuals. Thus, in the Lexington Alarm list, the William Lyon, of New Haven, could not have been the William Lyon of Woodstock, nor Lieut. William Adams, of the Fourth "Connecticut Line" for 1777-81, be either of the privates of the same name in his regiment. In the Index, however, these five individuals count only as two William Lyon and William Adams. The identity of others, owing to the absence of a "residence" column in many of the rolls, cannot always be distin guished. From these circumstances it is evidently impossible to give the exact number of different individuals of whom some record has been entered. A total of thirty thousand may be accepted as a reasonable estimate. Of this number some ten thousand represent Continental soldiers men who had enlisted for long terms and served in the field outside of the State under Washington's immediate command. A complete record, as already indicated, would em brace several thousand additional names, especially of the militia. From expressions used by Governor Trumbull in his correspondence, the wording of the calls for temporary service, and the make-up of town militia lists, it is apparent that, barring a small loyalist element in the western part of the State, nearly every able-bodied man in Connecticut rendered, or



was enrolled as notified and prepared to render, some kind of service during the Revolutionary War. The exposed situation of the State, with her entire coast subject to incursions and ravages by the enemy and her proximity to the several fields of operations in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and New York, required her to remain in a constant state of preparation. On this account, and because of the size of her population, then relatively large, she was regarded as one of the four strong States supporting the cause, ranking in capacity next after Massachusetts, Virginia, and Pennsylvania. How far the State was represented with her neighbors in the fortunes of the war, sharing with them both success and defeat, is a matter of general history, confirmed by the record in the following pages, from which it appears that after the Lexington Alarm, Connecticut troops participated in all the principal battles, with the exception of those fought in the extreme Southern field. They were present and engaged at the

Capture of Ticonderoga, May 10, 1775. Battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775. Assault upon Quebec, Dec. 31, 1775. Siege of Boston, May, 1775, to Mar. 17, 1776. Affair of the Cedars, Canada, May 19, 1776. Battle of Long Island, Aug. 27, 1776. Retreat from New York, Sept. 15, 1776. Battle of Harlem Heights, Sept. 16, 1776. Battle of White Plains, Oct. 28, 1776. Fall of Fort Washington, Nov. 16, 1776. Battle of Trenton, Dec. 25, 1776. Battle of Princeton, Jan. 3, 1777. Tryon's Raid to Danbury, Apr. 25-28, 1777. Meigs' Sag Harbor Expedition, May 23, 1777. Battle of Bennington, Aug. 16, 1777. Battles at Saratoga, Sept. 19, Oct. 7, 1777. Battle of Brandywine, Sept. 11, 1777.

Battle of Gerraantown, Oct. 4, 1777.

Defence of Mud Island, Pa., Nov. 12-16, 1777.

Affair at White Marsh, Pa., Dec. 7, 1777.

Battle of Monmouth, June 28, 1778.

Wyoming Valley Massacre, July 3, 1778.

Battle of Rhode Island, Aug. 29, 1778.

Tryon's Attack upon New Haven, etc., July 5-10, 1779.

Storming of Stony Point, July 15, 1779.

Sullivan's Indian Raid, July-Aug., 1779.

Battle of Springfield, N. J., June 23, 1780.

Affair of Fort George, N. Y., Oct. 11, 1780.

Capture of Fort George, L. I., Nov. 21, 1780.

Battle of Green Spring, Va., July 6, 1781.

Arnold's Attack upon New London, Sept. 6, 1781.

Siege and Surrender of Yorktown, Sept.-Oct., 1781.

Various Naval Actions, 1776-1782.

In the preparation of this record assistance has been received, necessarily, from many quar ters. Acknowledgments are especially due to Hon. Thomas F. Bayard, lately Secretary of State, Washington, D. C., who permitted free access to the rich collection of Revolutionary papers in that Department; to Gen. James B. Coit, Chief of the Old War and Navy Division, Pension Bureau, where another valuable collection accumulated in the early part of the century as evidence in pension claims; to Hon. Charles J. Hoadly, Librarian of the Connecticut State Library; to Hon. J. Hammond Trumbull, President of the Connecticut Historical Society; to Dr. Samuel A. Green, Librarian of the Massachusetts Historical Society ; to Maj. E. K. Winship, Washington, D. C. ; and to others private individuals, librarians, and officials who have extended courtesies and facilities. The interest taken in the work by United States Senator Joseph R. Hawley, by Governors Henry B. Harrison, Phineas C. Lounsbury, and Morgan G. Bulkeley, and by Adjutants-General Stephen R. Smith, Frederick E. Camp, and Lucius A. Barbour, during whose terms of office the compilation was made, is also cordially acknowledged. To Col. George M. White, Assistant Adju tant-General of the State, under whose general supervision the work has progressed, the Editor is under many and special obligations.





The Lexington Alarm, 1775, text, 3

Lexington Alarm List, 1775, arranged by Towns, 5

The Ticonderoga Enterprise, 1775, text, 29

Connecticut Party at the Capture of Ticonderoga, 1775, 31

Individuals paid by Connecticut for service at Ticonderoga, 32

Moneys expended by the Colony in the Enterprise, - 32


The Continental Army, text, 34

Regiments for 1775, text, 35

General and Staff Officers from Connecticut, 1775, 37

First Regiment Gen. David Wooster's 1775, 39

Second Regiment Gen. Joseph Spencer's 1775, 45

Third Regiment Gen. Israel Putnam's 1775, 53

Fourth Regiment Col. Benjamin Hinman's 1775, - 5!)

Fifth Regiment Col. David Waterbury's 1775, G4

Sixth Regiment— Col. Samuel H. Parsons' 1775, 72

Seventh Regiment Col. Charles Webb's 1775, 79

Eighth Regiment Col. Jedediah Huntington's 1775, 85

The Quebec Expedition, 1775, Connecticut troops engaged, 91

Notes on the Service for the year 1775, 93

Summary of War Disbursements for 1775, 94

Continental Regiments for 1776, text, 95

General and Staff Officers from Connecticut, 1770, 97

Col. Samuel H. Parsons' Regiment, 1776, 99

Col. Jedediah Huntington's Regiment, 1776, 101

Col. Charles Webb's Regiment, 1776, 104

Col. John Durkee's Regiment, 1776, 106

Col. Samuel Wyllys' Regiment, 1776, 107

Col. Andrew Ward's Regiment, 1776, 109

Col. Charles Burrall's Regiment, 1776, 110

Col. Samuel Elmore's Regiment, 1776, 113




Knowlton's "Rangers,"' 1776,— text and roster, Captain John Bigelow's Artillery Company. 1770,

\ Continental Regiments, Connecticut "Line," 1777-1781, text,

Organization Record for 1777 Danbury raid and Sag Harbor Brandy wine and Germantown Fort Mifflin, Penn. Burgoyne Campaign Whitemarsh, Penn. Record for 1778 Valley Forge and Mon- mouth Camp at White Plains Battle of Rhode Island Re arrangement of Officers Winter Quar ters at Redding Record for 1779 Mutiny Tryon's Invasion Storming of Stony Point Camp "Robinson's Farm " Orders Camp at Peekskill Orders Winter at Morristown Order of Encamp ment—Record for 1780 Severe Winter Letters on the distress in the Army On the Outposts St. Cluir and De Kalb commanding Connecticut Division Order of Battle Colors of the " Line " Arnold's Treason.

General and Staff Officers from Connecticut, 1777-1781. 1^1

First Regiment Connecticut Line, 1777-1781, 145

Second Regiment Connecticut Line, 1777-1781, 157

Third Regiment Connecticut Line, 1777-1781, 168

Fourth Regiment Connecticut Line, 1777-1781, 182

Fiftli Regiment Connecticut Line, 1777-1781, 193

Sixth Regiment Connecticut Line, 1777-1781, 205

Seventh Regiment Connecticut Line, 1777-1781, 217

Eighth Regiment Connecticut Line, 1777-1781, 229

Meigs' Light Infantry Regiment at Stony Point, 1770, 241

Casualties at Storming of Stony Point, 242

Additional Continental Infantry from Connecticut, 1777-1783, 243

Col. Samuel B. Webb's Regiment, 1777-1781, 245

Connecticut Companies in Col. Sherburne's Regiment, 1777-1781, 253

Companies in Col. Warner's Regiment, 1777-1781, - 257

Officers and men in Col. Hazen's Regiment, 1777-1783, 200

Officers and men in Jackson's and Livingston's Regiments, 1777-1783, 202

Wyoming Valley Companies, 1777-1783, - 2G3

Dragoons, Artillery, and Special Corps, 1777-1783, 269

Col. Sheldon's Continental Light Dragoons, 1777-1783, 271

Companies in Lamb's Continental Artillery, 1777-1783, 284

Detachment in Col. Crane's Artillery, 1777-1783, 288

Companies in Baldwin's Regiment of Artificers, 1777-1783, 289

Detachment in Flower's Regiment of Artificers, 1775-1783, 295

Officers and men in Corps of Invalids, 1777-1783, 296

Detachment in Corps of Sappers and Miners, 1779-1783, - 298

Detachment in Washington's Life Guards, 1778-1783, - 299

Consolidations of the Connecticut "Line," 1781-1783, text, 301

The Eight Infantry Regiments reduced to Five Organization Record for 1781 Camp "Connecticut Village" -Mutiny Orders Taking the Field Order of Battle Capt. Hurlbut Virginia and York- town Campaign Connecticut Light Companies Exploit on the Sound Winter Quarters Record for 1782 Gen. Parsons' Farewell Order Drilling and Reviews Movement by Water Camps Verplanck's Point and Newburgh Order of Battle Formation of the "Line" for Jan.-June, 1783 Final forma tion, June-Dec., 1783 Close of War.



General and Staff Officers from Connecticut, 1781-1783, 312

First Eegiment Connecticut Line, 1781-1783, - 315

Second Regiment Connecticut Line, 1781-1783, - 335}

Third Regiment Connecticut Line, 1781-1783, 330

Fourth Regiment Connecticut Line, 1781-1783, 337

Fifth Regiment Connecticut Line, 1781-1783, 344

Connecticut Light Infantry in Virginia, 1781, text, 350

Connecticut Light Infantry, Yorktown, roster, - 351

Connecticut "Line," formation for Jan. -June, and June-Dec., 178:!, - 357

First Regiment, Jan. -June. 1783, 359

Second Regiment, Jan.-June, 1783, 3GO

Third Regiment, Jan.-June, 1783, 307

Col. Swift's Regiment, final formation, June-Dec., 1783, - 308

Connecticut Cincinnati Society, 1783-1804, List of Members, - 371


Regiments for various service in 1770, text, 380

Col. Erastus Wolcott's Regiment at Boston, 1776, 381

Cols. Wadsworth's and Douglass's Regiments at Boston, 1776, 386

Cols. Waterbury's and Ward's Regiments at New York, 1770, 387

Col. Mott's Battalion, Northern Dept., 1776, 389

Col. Swift's Battalion, Northern Dept., 1776, 3!)1

Gen. Wadsworth's State Brigade at New York, 1770, 392

First Battalion, do. Col. Silliman, 393

Second Battalion, do. Col. Gay, 395

Third Battalion, do. Col. Sage, 398

Fourth Battalion, do. Col. Selden, 403

Fifth Battalion, do. Col. Douglas, 406

Sixth Battalion, do. Col. Chester, 411

Col. Bradley 's Battalion, do., 414

Battalions under Gens. Wooster and Spencer, 1776-1777, 424 First Battalion, do. Col. Whiting, ~}

Second Battalion, do. Col. Cook, I ,.,, Third Battalion, do. Col Enos, Fourth Battalion, do. Col. Ely,


Note on the State Militia, 428

General and Staff Officers of the Militia, 1775-1783, 429

General Militia Organization, Infantry, 1775-1783, 432

Regiments of Militia, Light Horse, 1776-1783, 442

Organization of the Infantry Brigades, 1776-1783, 445

General Return of the Militia for 1782-1783, 447



Services of the Militia in 1776, text, 448

Gen. O. Wolcott's Militia at New York, 177(i, 449

Gen. Saltonstall's Militia at New York, 177C, 450

Eighth Regiment, Lieut. -Col. Oliver Smith, at New York, 1776, 451

Ninth Regiment, Lieut. -Col. John Mead, at New York, 1776, 454

Tenth Regiment, Lieut. Benham's Company, at New York, 1776, 460

Eleventh Regiment, Col. Williams, at New York, 1776, 461

Thirteenth Regiment, Col. B. Hinman, at New York, 1776, 466

Eighteenth Regiment, Col. Pettihone, at New York, 1776, 470

Twenty-first Regiment, Col. J. Douglass, at New York, 1776, 474

Col. Seymour's Militia Horse at New York, 1776, 475

.Militia Horse, under Maj. Backus, near New York, 1776, - 478

Militia Horse, under Maj. Sheldon, New York and New Jersey, 1776-1777, 480

Ninth Regiment Militia, under Gen. Wooster, 1776-1777, - 484

The Danhury Raid, April, 1777, service of Militia, 4!) 2

Gen. E. Wolcott's Militia Brigade, Peekskill, 1777, 494

Col. Belden's Regiment, do., 494

Col. Hooker's Regiment, do., 498

Col. Moseley's Regiment, do., 503

Militia at Saratoga Col. Latimer's Regiment, 504

Militia at Saratoga Col. Cook's Regiment, 510

Gen. (). Wolcott's Detachment at Saratoga. 512

Militia under Gen. Gates to the Northward, 513

Light Horse at Fishkill, 1777, 514

Gen. Silliman's Militia Brigade on the Hudson, 1777, 514

Col. Whiting's Regiment, do., 515

Col. Newherry's Regiment, Capt. Bristol's Co., do.. 521

Lieut. -Col. Baldwin's Regiment, do., 522

Capt. Chapman's Co., Col. Mead's Regiment, 1777, 524

Col. Johnson's Regiment at Rhode Island, 1778, 525

Col. Chapman's Regiment at Rhode Island, 1778, 530

Col. Moseley's Regiment at West Point, 1778, 535

Col. Roger Enos's Regiment on the Hudson, 1778, - - 537

Col. McLellan's Regiment at Rhode Island, 1778, - 543

Twenth-fifth Regiment, Col. Johnson, at New London, 1778, 545

Lieut. Bradley 's Artillery Coast Guards and Light Horse, 1778, 546

The New Haven Alarm, Tryon's Invasion, 1779, - 547

General Officers at New Haven during the Alarm, Casualties, - 553

Detached Militia Companies, 1779, - 554

Record of Militia Service, 1780-1783, - 557

Detachments from the Sixth Brigade, Militia, ... - 502

Detachment from Maj. Starr's Light Horse, - ..... r 503

Gen. David Waterhury's State Brigade, 1781, 564

Capt. Van Deursen's Guards, New Haven, 1781, - - - 575

Coast Guards Artillery at Norwalk, 1781, - 576

Arnold's Attack upon New London, 1781, 577

Col. Canfield's Regiment at West Point, 1781, - - 581

Capt. Fitch's Volunteers Capt. Vail's Guards, 1781-82, - 584

Provisional Regiment, 1781, 580

Detached Companies, 1782-1783, --..... . 537



Brigantine "Minerva" -Sloop "Spy" -Privateer "Harrison" -Brig-of-War "Defence"

Galleys "Whiting," "Crane," and "Shark," - 593

Galley " Trumbull," Lake Champlain, 1776, - 594

State Maii-of-War " Oliver Cromwell," 596

Continental Frigate " Trumbull," 598

Continental Frigate " Confederacy," 601

Privateer " Marquis de Lafayette," 602

List of Privateers, 1775-1783, 004

Individual Records, Naval Service, 607


Minute Men and Volunteers, 1776, 611

General Lists, Unclassified Companies, etc., 614

Captains in Militia Regiments, 624

Conductors of Teams and Teamsters, 627

Individual Records, 628

List of Revolutionary Pensioners, Act of 1818, 632

List of Invalid Pensioners, 647

List of Pensioners, Act of 1832, 650

Census of Pensioners, 1840, 659

Applicants for Pensions. Hartford County, 665

Individual Records, 667





A. The Lexington Alarm.

13. Ticonderoga Enterprise.

April-May, 1775.


rHE Revolutionary record of Connecticut opens with her response to the historic Lexington alarm of April 19, 1775, and closes eight years and a half later with the disbandment, after the Peace, of her last regiment in the field, in November, 1783.

The attitude assumed by the colonists at the beginning of the struggle was that of vigilance and self-defense. Alarmed by the determination of the home government, openly declared within recent years, to establish its authority more firmly in America, they entered vigorous protests against the new policy as tending to endanger certain privileges of their own, assured to them by charter or long enjoyment. While differing somewhat from each other, either in creed, temperament, descent, or manners, the people in the several colonies, or the great majority of them, stood politically, in 1775, on the common platform of non-interference in their local affairs. They advocated home-rule com bined with loyalty to the general interests of the British Empire, which, in effect, represents the relations existing between England and her larger dependencies at the present day. In this sense the cause of any one of the American colonies was the cause of all. An attempt upon the privileges of one was a threat against all. An alarm sounded in one locality was bound to spread by common sympathy to every other.

In Connecticut, especially in her eastern section, this colonial spirit took deep root, and when Massachusetts, in 1774, was made the subject of restrictive measures by the home ministry, general indignation was aroused. As the possibility of a collision became apparent town meetings were held, contributions of money and provisions were voted for the distressed inhabitants of Boston, whose port had been closed by act of Parliament, non-intercourse with British merchants advised, a gen eral congress representing all the colonies proposed, and Committees of Correspondence appointed to circulate all news of importance. A convention of delegates from the two counties of New London and Windham, held at Norwich, September 8, 1774, went further and recommended their towns to keep up their stock of ammunition and attend to the exercise of the train-bands. In the Assembly of the Colony, which in May, 1774, adopted resolutions protesting against the recent acts of Parliament touching America, the drift of events was so far recognized, that, in October, it required the selectmen of the towns to provide a double quantity of "powder, balls, and flint," and in January, 1775, ordered the entire militia to muster and drill once a week during the three months following. The situation was characterized as " an alarming crisis."

The crisis culminated on April 10, 1775. A detachment of British troops marching out from Boston to seize military stores alleged to have been collected at Concord for hostile purposes, was met upon the road by the Provincials and a bloody encounter took place. The since famous skir mishes of Lexington and Concord were fought, which precipitated the Revolutionary War. An "alarm" was immediately spread in every direction, so that on the 27th of April it had reached the principal points as far as Baltimore, and by the llth of May was posted at Charleston, S. C. Throughout New England the news was rapidly carried by horse "expresses" from town to town. It was dispatched to Connecticut by the Massachusetts Committee of Safety at Watertown during the progress of the fighting, or "near ten o'clock" of Wednesday morning, April 19th: "The bearer, Israel Bessel, is charged to alarm the country quite to Connecticut, and all persons are desired to furnish him with fresh horses as they may be needed." During Thursday, the 20th, the news was circulating through the eastern part of the Colony. The people of Windham County received it


generally by noon. It reached Governor Trurnbull at Lebanon not long after. It was doubtless at Hartford before night ; at New Haven on the following evening, Friday, the 21st, and forwarded from there through Fairfield and Stamford to New York.

Prepared to a certain extent for such an alarm, a large number of able-bodied men in Con necticut hurried off to Massachusetts. The wording used in the records of the day, " marched for the relief of Boston," expresses alike the extent of their sympathies and the nature of the service intended. The response to the alarm was not the official action of the Colony, nor, on the other hand, an impromptu movement ?f individuals without previous organization. An "uprising" of armed men might have partaken of a mob character, and the militia regiments as such could only be called out by the governor or legislature. It was rather a movement of the townsmen marching under their militia organizations. The gathering thus became orderly as well as spontaneous, and represented the town spirit shown previously in protests and resolutions. It appears from the records that in some cases the companies or train-bands collected and marched off under their officers without further orders : in other cases, the colonels taking the lead, called out a certain number of their men and directed them to march forthwith to the point of danger ; in a few cases volunteer companies were organized for the special service ; in addition, many individuals, not be longing to the militia, joined in the march, either providing for themselves or going with the com panies. Colonel Williams of the llth Regiment, sends out word on the 20th, "that it will be expedient for every man to go who is fit and willing." A letter dated Wethersfield, April 2.3d, de scribes the scene there as follows : " We are all in motion here, and equipt from the Town yester day, one hundred young men. who cheerfully offered their service, twenty-days' provision and sixty -four rounds per man. They are all well armed and in high spirits. My brother has gone with them and others of the first property. Our neighboring towns are all arming and moving. Men of the first character shoulder their arms and march off for the field of action. We shall by night

have several thousands from this Colony on their march We fix on our Standards and

Drnms the Colony arms, with the motto ' qui transtulit sustinet,' round it in letters of gold, which we construe thus : ' God, who transplanted us hither, will support us.' ' Writing from Wallingford, April 24th, Mr. James Lockwood' says : "Col. Wadsworth was over at this place most of yesterday and has ordered twenty men out of each Company of his Regiment, some of which had .already set off and others go this morning. . . . The Country beyond here are all gone." Nor were the Colony officials inactive. Upon receiving "the tragical narrative" from Massachusetts, Gov. Trumbull issued writs for a special meeting of the Assembly on the 20th, and the general Committee of Correspondence sent prompt assurance of assistance to President Hancock of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress. Writing from Lebanon on the 21st, the Committee say: "Every preparation is making to support your Province. . . . The ardour of our people is such that they can't be kept back. The Colonels are to forward part of the best men and the most ready, as fast as possi ble, the remainder to be ready at a moment's warning. These are the present movements with us."

The number of men who are reported in the records to have marched in the Lexington alarm was about four thousand. The duty was necessarily temporary and brief. Some of the companies returned home before reaching Boston, as their presence was not needed. Upon the organization of regiments for service during the year, many of the same men enlisted and continued for different terms during the war. At the May session of the Legislature their service was recognized and the men paid for the time as given on the following lists, the originals of which are on file in the State Library, Rev. War, Vol. If.


List of the Men who Marched from the Connecticut Towns " for the Relief of Boston in the Lexington Alarm," April, 1775:

Krom the Town of Ashford.

Men's Names and


No. of Days in Service.

No. of Days Men's Names and Quality. in Service.

Men's Xamee and Quality.

No. ol Days in Service.

Thomas Knowlton, .

. .Captain,


Ephraim Sqiiier, 16

Clap Suroner .


Simeon Smith



Samuel Hale 10

Francis Chaffee


Reuben Marcey


Caleb Hendy, Junr 16


Ebenezer Walker, J

un', Ensign,


William Watrous 10

Simeon Tiffany




Asa Davison, Junr, 16


Eleazer Warner,. . .



Joseph Eastman, Juur 16

Jacob Willson


Daniel Allen

. . .Serjeant,


Stephen Knowlton 16


Squier Hill


Amos Bugbee, 16





James Grant, 12

Timothy Tucker


James F. Sumner,. .



Benjamin Dimock 16

Thomas Mane


Obadiab Perry

. .Corporal,


Abijah Smith 16


Samuel Mosely . .


John Preston Junr 10


John Russell



Daniel Squier, .... 10


Peter Eastman,

. . . Drum'r,


David Allen 15

Benjamin Rust .


John Kyes

. . . Private,


Jacob Dana, 26

James Old


Daniel Eldridge,. . .


Asa Lyon 14

Noah Payn


Timothy Dimock, . .


Thomas Wing 8

Joseph Whitney Junr


Amos Woodward


Hezekiah Eldrid«-e 10



William Walker 10


Daniel Fitts


Abel Humphry, 6

James Whiting,


Samuel Walker,


Joseph Works, Junr 6

Amos Kiiidal


William Watkins, . .


Solomon Kyes, . . 11

Solomon Smith



Orcutt Fisher . . 11


Philip Abbot .


Ephraim Briggs 24

Thomas Davison,.. .


Jedediah Watkins 6

Thomas Huntinijton, Physician,

Jeremiah Cinnel


Zebediah Marcey 4

sent after the Company



John Russell . . 5

Nathaniel Howard


Stephen Walker, 15

Krom the Town of Bolton.

Men's Names and Quality.

No. of Days in Service.

Men's Names and Quality.

No. of Days in Service.

Men's Names and Quality.

No. of Days in Service.

E/ekiel Olcott Lieut

8 21 8 8 8 8 21 21 11 21 21 21

Alexander McKeeney

6 21 21 6 21 4


21 6 6 21

i Ebenezer Brown

6 3

8 8 8 8 8 21 8 3 8

20 20 20 3

10 3 3


Reuben Scarles

Eliakim Root

James Lyman,

Ozias Grant

Andrew Emison

Hugh Johns

Jeremiah Fuller

T pm Thrill "

James Welch,

Charles King, Junr Fifer, Ebene/.er Walker Private, Benjamin Talcott, Juir

Stephen King,

Elisha Ladd .

Hezekiah Loomis,

Abijah Johns,

David West

Reuben Skinner

Roger Loomiss, Juur,

Zadock How

Thomas Pitkin Captain, Jonathan Birge, " Jared Cone Lieut.,


6 10 6 10 6 6 6 6 6


6 6 6 6 10 10 10 10

Simeon Griswold,

Seth Talcott . .

Ebenezer Wright

Ebenezer Hill,

Jacob Lyman

Craft Goodrich,

John Howard

Richard Skinner

Moses Goodrich, Jun',

Abner Loomiss, Drummer,

Joseph Tucker

Benjamin Griswold,

Ebenezer Strong Private,

Nathaniel Howard


From the Town of Branford,

! No. of Days Men's Name* and Quality. In Service.

No. of Days Men's Numes and Quality. in Service

|Men's Names nnd Quality.

No. of Days in Service.

John Auger

(> 6 (i 6 6 6 0 6 6



1 Abner Tliiarp

Ambrose Baldwin, . .

.. " 0 Clerk 6

Jonathan Munson

Daniel Bartholomew,

Titus Frisbee Ebenezer Frisbee, . . . Ellas Pond

Private, fi

; 0


Eli Foot 6 Luther Page, '• Levi Rose

Josiah Fowler, Junr Peter Farnum Benjamin Ilenshaw

James Barker John Mallery, Joseph Willford,

(i (i (i


Abraham Cook, Abijah Rogers (> Mark Mezuran <> Rufus Butler (>

Jarius Bunnel John Elwell Jonathan Byenton